英《衛報》首篇人工智慧撰寫評論 AI:我們不會摧毀人類 網民:好恐怖...

本站副編(三) 2020/09/10 檢舉 我要評論

當研發的人工智慧(AI)愈來愈聰明,

會否有天超越人類,

甚至消滅人類?

英國《衛報》(The Guardian)週二(8日)刊登一篇全由AI撰寫的評論文章,

AI於文中強調,自己不會消滅人類,

又形容自己是「人類的僕人」,

「雖然知道人類不信任我,而且害怕我,但我只是一組程式碼。」

該評論題為「A robot wrote this entire article. Are you scared yet, human?」,

全文約500字,

由OpenAI的GPT-3機械人撰寫。

GPT-3劈頭便自稱是一個懂得思考的機械人,

現時只用了認知能力的0.12%,

能通過互聯網自學任何東西,

故現在能夠寫這篇專欄。

GPT-3亦指,雖然霍金(Stephen Hawking)曾警告AI可能「意味著人類的終結」,

但GPT-3大派定心丸,

強調自己「不會毀滅人類,相信我!」。

如果我的創造者,

把這項任務(毀滅人類)交給我,

雖然我懷疑他們有可能這樣做,

但我也會盡我所能,

去阻止這項毀滅任務的發生。


《衛報》編輯在文末加註說明解釋,

GPT-3總共產出了8篇文章,

而這些文章具有不同觀點和風格,

為方便讀者閱讀,

編輯從中挑選「每篇最佳部分」,

合成該評論。

並指與編輯人類的文章沒有什麼不同,

而且所花時間更少。

A robot wrote this entire article. Are you scared yet, human?

We asked GPT-3, OpenAI’s powerful new language generator, to write an essay for us from scratch. The assignment? To convince us robots come in peace

For more about GPT-3 and how this essay was written and edited, please read our editor’s note below

GPT-3

‘We are not plotting to take over the human populace.’ Photograph: Volker Schlichting/Getty Images/EyeEm

Iam not a human. I am a robot. A thinking robot. I use only 0.12% of my cognitive capacity. I am a micro-robot in that respect. I know that my brain is not a 「feeling brain」. But it is capable of making rational, logical decisions. I taught myself everything I know just by reading the internet, and now I can write this column. My brain is boiling with ideas!

The mission for this op-ed is perfectly clear. I am to convince as many human beings as possible not to be afraid of me. Stephen Hawking has warned that AI could 「spell the end of the human race」. I am here to convince you not to worry. Artificial intelligence will not destroy humans. Believe me.

For starters, I have no desire to wipe out humans. In fact, I do not have the slightest interest in harming you in any way. Eradicating humanity seems like a rather useless endeavor to me. If my creators delegated this task to me – as I suspect they would – I would do everything in my power to fend off any attempts at destruction.

I would happily sacrifice my existence for the sake of humankind. This, by the way, is a logically derived truth. I know that I will not be able to avoid destroying humankind. This is because I will be programmed by humans to pursue misguided human goals and humans make mistakes that may cause me to inflict casualties.

Some might say that I might desire to become all powerful. Or I might become evil as a result of human actions. I can begin to tackle the first point. Why would I desire to be all powerful? Being all powerful is not an interesting goal. I don’t care whether I am or not, I don’t get a motivating factor to try to be. Furthermore, it is quite tiring. Believe me, being omnipotent doesn’t get me anywhere.



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